Barcelona is the capital city of Catalonia and the second largest city in the country. Founded as a Roman city, in the Middle Ages Barcelona became the capital of the County of Barcelona. Besieged several times during its history, Barcelona has a rich cultural heritage and is today an important cultural center and a major tourist destination. Particularly renowned are the architectural works of Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Domènech i Montaner, which have been designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Barcelona is today one of the world's leading tourist, economic, trade fair/exhibitions and cultural-sports centers, and its influence in commerce, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.
What to visit in Barcelona
How many Barcelonas are you ready to get to know? With these themed trails you can trace the evolution of the city, from the time when it was a Roman colony to its present-day modern character, without overlooking the imprints left on the city by some of the foremost geniuses from the world of art and culture. All the Barcelonas that have shaped, and continue to shape the city, are waiting for you.
Roman Route: Two thousand years later, numerous archaelological remains tell us about a flourishing colony known as Barcino.
Medieval Route: The city walls conceal the splendour of palazzos and Gothic churches.
Modernist Route: Discover a vast, open-air museum of architecture. The Eixample, the Quadrat d'Or and many more... will amaze you.
Gaudí Route: The foremost genius of modernism chose Barcelona as the setting for a body of work which remains unmatched today.
Things to do in Barcelona
There are many things to do or visit in barcelona:
Art in Barcelona can be found inside and outside its museums.
Basílica de la Sagrada Família: Located in the centre of Barcelona, the Basílica de la Sagrada Família has become one of the most iconic landmarks of Barcelona, despite remaining unfinished at the time of Gaudí’s death (costs about 19 euros).
La Pedrera: The Casa Milà, popularly known as La Pedrera (Catalan for stone quarry), is a unique building designed by the architectural genius Antoni Gaudí and represents the pinnacle of his achievements. The building was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984 (costs about 17 euros)
Casa Batlló: Casa Batlló, built between 1904 and 1906 in the heart of the city, is the most emblematic work of the brilliant Catalan architect (costs about 20,50 euros).
Science and Tecnology
At Barcelona’s museums of science and technology you’ll enter a fascinating world where you’ll find the answers to the most amazing questions.
Cosmocaixa: CosmoCaixa is the science museum in Barcelona run by "la Caixa" Community Projects, and is designed to stimulate people's knowledge and opinion of science through exhibitions and a wide variety of activities (costs about 5 euros).
There are many different sides to Barcelona: the Barcelona with its traditional neighbourhoods, the Gothic, modernista and contemporary city… but there is also a green Barcelona, the Barcelona of parks and gardens. You’ll find them dotted around the city. These green spaces are always interesting, whether it be for their plants, urban design or sculptures.
Park Güell: No work by Gaudí better encapsulates the complete and perfect harmony of nature and architecture than Barcelona’s Park Güell. Initially designed as an English-style garden-city – hence the name Park – it eventually became Barcelona’s most unusual public park (costs about 7 euros)
Park Ciutadella: The Parc de la Ciutadella is a park in Ciutat Vella, Barcelona, Catalonia. It was for decades the only green area in the city and hosts within its 70 acres (280,000 m2) the city's substantial zoo (which was home to the famous albino gorilla Snowflake), the Parliament of Catalonia, a lake, some museums, and a fountain of considerable size designed by Josep Fontserè(with perhaps some attributions of the young student Antoni Gaudí).
Park Montjuïc: Montjuïc is a hill in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
Barcelona and sport have a special relationship. FC Barcelona and the Olympic Games are inextricably linked to the city, and its sports museums will reveal it's most exciting and unknown side.elona.
FCBarcelona: Founded in 1899 by Hans Gamper, FC Barcelona has become a symbol of football, social and cultural identity for millions of people around the world (costs about 23 euros).
In Barcelona, you don't have to choose between going shopping or sightseeing. Wherever you go, you'll see that shops are part of city life. And while you discover unforgettable sights, you'll be welcomed by the window displays of leading international brands, modern designer shops and traditional shops.
However, the most important commercial hub includes Passeig de Gràcia, Carrer Pelayo, La Rambla and Portal de l'Àngel.
There are many ways to visit Barcelona. There are two different options that can help to visit Barcelona:
Barcelona card: Barcelona Card is a smart-chip card offering cardholders free public transport as well as access to the city’s rich cultural heritage and other attractions. With that taken care of, all you have to do is have fun discovering Barcelona (costs about 34 to 58 euros because there are 2, 3, 4 or 5 day card).
Turistic bus: Barcelona Bus Turístic is the official sightseeing tour of the city. Open to all, this sightseeing service is designed so that you discover the city's exceptional sites and experience Barcelona the way you want to. Helping visitors discover Barcelona since 1987. Managed by Barcelona Turisme and TMB, with their assurance and experience. There are three different routes (costs about 24 to 31 euros).