General information

Subject type: Mandatory

Coordinator: Ana Beatriz Pérez Zapata

Trimester: First term

Credits: 4

Teaching staff: 

Antonio José Planells De La Maza

Teaching languages

  • Catalan

The materials can be provided in Catalan as well as in Spanish or English.


Basic skills
  • B1_That students have demonstrated knowledge and understanding in a field of study that is based on general secondary education, and is accustomed to finding at a level that, although with the support of advanced textbooks, also include some aspects that involve knowledge from the forefront of your field of study


  • B2_That students know how to apply their knowledge to their job or vocation in a professional way and have the skills they demonstrate by developing and defending arguments and solving problems within their area of ​​study


  • B3_Students have the ability to gather and interpret relevant data (usually within their area of ​​study), to make judgments that include reflection on relevant social, scientific or ethical issues


  • B4_That students can convey information, ideas, problems and solutions to both specialized and non-specialized audiences


Specific skills
  • V1. Demonstrate knowledge of the history of video games and analyze the reference video games with arguments based on evaluation criteria contextualized in the historical and cultural framework.

  • V2. Design the mechanics, rules, structure and narrative of video games following the criteria of gameplay and balance to provide the best possible gaming experience.

Transversal competences
  • T1_That students know a third language, which will be preferably English, with an adequate level of oral and written form, according to the needs of the graduates in each degree


  • T2_That students have the ability to work as members of an interdisciplinary team either as one more member, or performing management tasks in order to contribute to developing projects with pragmatism and a sense of responsibility, making commitments taking into account the available resources



The subject of Narrative takes a holistic approach (literature, cinema and games) to the phenomenon of telling, living and playing stories in the framework of the subject of Game Design and Creation. In this way, it is key to understand not only the formal elements of the narratological tradition (characters, plots, temporality and space) but also the contemporary debates that arise from the current playful positions. In addition, the subject has a strong link with the cultural and social framework of the video game, thus generating a text / context reading that takes into account both the cultural function of the medium and its ability to present new imaginaries. This theoretical approach is complemented by the realization of different practices, all of them oriented to the conceptual creation of a small game of marked narrative character.


1. Preliminary concepts.

1.1. Narration vs. fiction Story vs. world

1.2. Background (Backstory) and Context (Setting).


2. Ludofiction within the framework of digital leisure.

2.1. History, events and narrative structures.

2.1.1 Action as a narrative engine.

2.1.2 Plots, conflict and objectives.

2.1.3 The relationship between plots and rules.

2.1.4 Narrative structures: from classic models to storylets.

2.1.5 From the Environmental Narrative to the Indexical Narrative.

2.2. The existing ones: The character and the space

2.2.1 Concept of interactive character

2.2.2 Identification and control of the user

2.2.3 Configuration and transformation arc

2.2.4 Emotional, psychological characterization and actions

2.2.5. The types of space and the construction of axes.


3. Narrative Design (I): Worldbuilding, quests, dialogues and puzzles.

3.1 Narrative Designer and related figures: screenwriter, writer and game designer.

3.2 Worldbuilding: opportunities and limits.

3.3. The design of missions or quests.

3.4. Linear and non-linear dialogs.

3.5. The design of narrative puzzles.

3.6. case study


4. Narrative Design (II): The staging and the creation of cinematics.

4.1. The composition and the picture.

4.2. Types of shots and camera movements.

4.3. The outfield and the pictorial plan.


5. Audiovisual and Interactive Narratology.

5.1. Genette's triadic model.

5.2. Time: duration, order and frequency.

5.3. The voice: the narrator.

5.4. The mode: focus and focusing.

5.5. The rupture: Metalepsis.

Evaluation system

The grade of each student will be calculated following the following percentages:

A1. Laboratory practice: Creation of an audiovisual script and a short film  30%

A2. Laboratory practice: Design and implementation of a narrative game 40%

A3. Final exam 30%

Final grade = A1 0,3 + A2 0,4 + A3 0,3 


  • It is necessary to obtain a mark higher than 5 in the final exam to pass the subject.
  • Spelling errors, writing errors and formal and technical problems specific to the subject will be penalized with 0,10 points, up to a maximum of 4 points, in all assessable activities and tests. In the case of the final ordinary and recovery exam, the maximum reduction will be 2 points.
  • An activity not delivered or delivered late and without justification (court summons or medical matter) counts as a 0.
  • In the case of detecting plagiarism, copying or fraud in any evaluable activity or test, this will automatically obtain a final grade of 0. Additionally, in cases of copying or fraud, both the person who copies and the person who allows copying are responsible for their conduct, and the consequences of the conduct affect all students involved in the irregular action. Regardless of the suspension caused by plagiarism, copying or fraud, the professor will communicate the situation to the Department Management so that the applicable measures are taken in terms of disciplinary regime and the initiation of the relevant disciplinary file.


  • The recovery will be done with a recovery exam that will have the same format and contents as the exam of activity 3.
  • It is necessary to obtain a mark superior to 5 in the final exam of recovery to pass the asignatura.
  • The grade of the make-up exam will be applied only to the grade of activity 3. Therefore, the weighting of the rest of the activities will be taken into account to obtain the final grade of the make-up.
  • The delivery of the rest of the activities will not be admitted to be re-evaluated in the framework of the recovery.
  • In case of passing the recovery, the maximum final mark that can be obtained in the total of the subject is 8.



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