General information

Subject type: Mandatory

Coordinator: Esther Wall Gimeno

Trimester: First term

Credits: 10

Teaching staff: 

Luciana Moizé Arcone
Anabel Casanovas Alvarez 
Esther Wall Gimeno 
Juan José García Tirado 
Marc Terradellas Fernández 

Teaching languages

  • Spanish
  • Catalan


Basic skills
  • B3_That students have the ability to gather and interpret relevant data (usually within their area of ​​study), to make judgments that incorporate a reflection on relevant social, scientific and ethical issues


Specific skills
  • E2_Know and understand the sciences, models, techniques and instruments on which physiotherapy is based, articulated and developed


  • E3_Know and understand the methods, procedures and physiotherapeutic actions, aimed both at the actual therapy to be applied in the clinic for re-education or functional recovery, as well as carrying out activities aimed at promoting and maintaining health


  • E7_Design the physiotherapy intervention plan according to the criteria of adequacy, validity and efficiency


Transversal competences
  • T2_Demonstrate ability to organize and plan


  • T3_The student must be able to develop skills in interpersonal relationships and be able to work within an intra and interdisciplinary team



  The subject of Fundamentals of Physiotherapy is a compulsory training of the degree of Physiotherapy.

It will develop the foundations of Physiotherapy throughout history, both in its most procedural part and in basic theoretical aspects. The essential elements of the future physiotherapist's intervention are described, taking into account the physical therapeutic principles, their application, the benefits and adverse effects, as well as the duration and frequency of the treatment interventions proposed by the physiotherapist.

This subject consists of a theoretical block and a practical block:

  • Theoretical block (4 ECTS credits): fundamentals and procedures of physiotherapy
  • Practical block (6 ECTS credits): passive kinesitherapy and massage therapy

This subject aims to introduce the gender perspective in its content and development.

Learning outcomes

LO20.Identify the main physical agents used in physiotherapy interventions. Classify them according to their effect and importance and establish the order of priorities in their therapeutic application.

LO21. Analyze the patient's expectations regarding their evolution, demand and needs

LO22.Elaborate the intervention protocol based on the joint negotiation between the therapist and the patient

LO23. Carry out a physiotherapy diagnosis to determine the deficiencies, limitations on activity and restrictions on participation that will require a specific Physiotherapy intervention.

LO25.Learn the basics of Physiotherapy in musculoskeletal pathologies, specific evaluation of musculoskeletal dysfunctions. Main intervention techniques. Classification based on its physical principles and effects on the body

LO27. Interact with medical professionals to gain therapeutic efficacy. Develops joint intervention objectives

Working methodology




AF1. Theoretical classes


AF3. Practical classes




AF6.Study and group work


AF7. Study and autonomous work, individual





Theoretical block:

  • Fundamentals of Physiotherapy

Topic 1: Conceptual bases of physiotherapy

Topic 2: Historical references in physiotherapy

Topic 3: Professional profiles and fields of action

Topic 4: General aspects in physiotherapy

Unit 5: Principles of human communication

Topic 6: International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)

Item 7: Clinical history in physiotherapy

Topic 8: Physiotherapy interview (ROMP-P)

  Unit 9: MIF: Method of intervention in physiotherapy

Topic 10: Code of ethics in physiotherapy

  • Physiotherapy procedures

Topic 1: Physical agents:

  • Kinesiology, kinesiology, thermotherapy, cryotherapy, electrotherapy, hydrotherapy
  • Physiological and secondary effects of physical agents

Topic 2: Ergonomics and postural hygiene

  • Health education

Topic 3: Hospital physiotherapy:

  • Basics of hospital care

Topic 4: Basics of non-hospital care

  • Home rehabilitation
  • Telerehabilitation


Practical block:

  • Massage therapy

Topic 1: Generalities of massage therapy

            1.1. Hygiene standards

            1.2. Postures of the physiotherapist and the patient

Item 2: Main maneuvers

2.1. Superficial and deep effleurage

2.2. Sliding pressure

2.3. Palm frictions

2.4. Kneading (digital, palmar finger, octopus thumb, knuckle and elbow forearm)

2.5. Percussions

2.6. Vibrations

2.7. Rolled clamp

2.8. Inhibitions

Topic 3: Back massage sequence

Topic 4: Lumbar / abdomen massage sequence

Topic 5: Cervical - dorsal massage sequence

Topic 6: EESS massage sequence

Topic 7: EEII massage sequence


  • Passive kinesitherapy

Topic 1: Generalities of Kinesitherapy

             1.1. Fundamental considerations of joint anatomy and physiology

             1.2. Effects of kinesitherapy

             1.3. Passive kinesitherapy: Types of passive mobilizations

             1.4. Basic principles of passive mobilizations

Item 2: Passive kinesitherapy applied to the upper extremity

2.1. Passive mobilizations of the glenohumeral joint

2.2. Passive mobilizations of the thoracic scapular joint

2.3. Passive mobilizations of the elbow joint complex 

2.4. Passive mobilizations of the wrist joint complex 

2.5. Passive mobilizations of the joints of the hand and fingers 

Item 3: Passive kinesitherapy applied to the lower extremity

             3.1. Passive mobilizations l of the hip joint

             3.2. Passive mobilizations of the knee joint

             3.3. Passive mobilizations of the ankle joint

             3.4 Passive mobilizations of the joint complex of the foot

Learning activities

MD1. Expository method or master class: to transmit knowledge and to activate the cognitive processes of the student by means of a unidirectional learning
MD2. Case study: acquiring learning through the analysis of real or simulated cases
MD3. Solving exercises and problems: exercising, rehearsing and putting into practice previous knowledge
MD4. Problem-based learning (PBL): developing active knowledge through problem solving
MD5. Project-oriented learning: carrying out a project to solve a problem, applying skills and knowledge acquired
MD6. Cooperative learning: fostering active and meaningful knowledge in a cooperative way



Evaluation system

Theoretical block:

Evaluation activity


SE1.Electronic portfolio


SE2.Oral Presentation


SE3.Final Exam 








Practical block Massage therapy:

Evaluation activity


SE1.Electronic portfolio


SE3.Final Exam


SE4.Self-assessment 20%







Practical block Passive kinesitherapy:

Evaluation activity


SE1.Electronic portfolio


SE3.Examination 60%





The final grade of the course will consist of the three blocks with the following weighting: 40% theoretical block, 30% practical block of massage therapy and 30% practical block of passive kinesitherapy. 

To pass the subject, you must pass the three specific blocks separately. It will be necessary to pass the final exam of the theoretical block and the practical block of passive kinesitherapy with a grade equal to or higher than 5 to make an average with the rest of the evaluation activities of the block.

It is mandatory to attend 80% of the classes in each of the practical blocks, failure to do so will result in the suspension of the subject without the option of recovery, so you will have to take a the subject again the following academic year.

The total or partial copy in any of the learning activities will mean a "Not Presented" in the subject, without option to present in the proof of recovery and without prejudice of the opening of a file for this reason. ”

Recovery period

Students will have the option to retake the subject when they have taken the final exam in each of the blocks and have not passed the subject. Non-Presented activities cannot be recovered.

Theoretical block

In the event that the final exam has not been passed, a test exam will be carried out to pass the theoretical block, which will be weighted with the other activities. In the event that the student has passed the final exam but has not passed the theoretical block, the recovery will consist of an exam of open questions to be developed, which must be passed with a minimum grade of 5. The mark obtained from this exam final will be weighted average with the mark of the final exam passed.


Practical block

- Passive kinesitherapy: activities linked to the e-portfolio will not be retrievable. The recovery of this block will consist of a practical test.  

- Massage therapy: the grades obtained in the continuous assessment will be kept as part of the final mark of the subject, both those passed and those not passed, in order to preserve the criteria of the continuous assessment, maintaining the same weighting as in the first call The activities linked to the e-portfolio cannot be recovered. The recovery of this block will consist of a practice test.


It will be mandatory to attend 80% of the hours of the practical blocks in order to pass the subject, failure to do so will result in the suspension of the subject without the option of recovery, so the subject will have to be taken again the following academic year.

Rules of conduct

Attending class without respecting the basic rules of hygiene and uniform dress may be sanctioned. 

During the class practices and especially during the assessment tests, students will not be able to wear objects that may interfere with the execution of the techniques, such as rings, watches, bracelets, long earrings, etc. Also, hand hygiene will be paramount, with short, clean, unpainted cut nails.

Given the practical nature of the classes and to facilitate and perform in a correct way the manual palpation procedures and the execution of the evaluation tests, it will be necessary to wear appropriate clothing such as shorts and top, considering that in many situations the evaluated anatomical region must be devoid of clothing to be able to observe and palpate the anatomical reliefs.



Ferrer Anglada, J. Advanced massage: assessment and approach of soft tissue dysfunctions. Masson, 2011

Güeita, J; Alonso, M; Fernández, C. Aquatic Therapy. Elsevier, 2015

Igual, C .; Muñoz, E .; Aramburu, C .; General physiotherapy: kinesitherapy. Madrid: Ed. Synthesis


Fritz, S. Advanced massage guide for pain control. Ed.Masson, 2014

Alcántara, S .; Hernandez, MA .; Ortega, E .; Sanmartin, MV. Fundamentals of physiotherapy. Ed. Synthesis.

Sagrera Ferrándiz, J. Chiromassage: technique and sensitivity. Meteora 2008


Biriukov, A. Sports massage. Paidotribo, 2007


Fernández de las Peñas, C .; Melián Ortiz, A. Kinesitherapy. Physiological bases and practical application. Elsevier.

Genot, Neiger, Pierron, Péninou. Kinesiotherapy. Volumes I, II, III, IV. Madrid: Ed. Panamericana. 1988

Torres, M; Salvat, I. Guide to massage therapy for physiotherapists. Editorial Paramericana, 2006.


Hainaut, K. Introduction to biomechanics. Editorial Jims, Barcelona, ​​1976

Vázquez Gallego, J. Professional massage manual. Paidotribo, 2009

Kaltenborn, FM Manual physiotherapy extremities. Madrid: Mc Graw-Hill interamericana.1999

Kapandji, IA Cuadernos de fisiología articular I. Barcelona: Ed. Masson, 6th edition. 2006

Kapandji, IA Notebooks of joint physiology II. Barcelona: Ed. Masson, 6th edition. 2006

Cameron, M. Physical Agents in Rehabilitation: from research to practice. Elsevier, 2013 (4th edition)

Rodrigo, C. Miralles, M. Clinical biomechanics of the locomotor system. Barcelona: ed. Masson, 1998

Dvorak, J .; Dvorak, V. Manual Medicine: Diagnosis (vol. 1) Treatment (vol. 2). Ed. Scribe, 2nd Edition.1993

De la Torre, J. Hydrotherapy and balneotherapy techniques. Alcalá Grupo Editorial, 2014.