General information

Subject type: Optional

Coordinator: Esther Wall Gimeno

Trimester: Third term

Credits: 4

Teaching staff: 

Jose Ramirez Moreno
Juan Ramon Revilla Gutierrez 

Teaching languages

  • Catalan
  • Spanish


Basic skills
  • B4_That students can convey information, ideas, problems and solutions to both specialized and non-specialized audiences


  • B5_That students have developed those learning skills necessary to undertake further studies with a high degree of autonomy


Specific skills
  • E6_Assess the diagnosis of physiotherapy care according to standards and with internationally recognized validation instruments


  • E8_Execute, direct and coordinate the physiotherapy intervention plan, using its own therapeutic tools and taking into account the individuality of the user


  • E11_Provide effective physiotherapy care, providing comprehensive care to patients


Transversal competences
  • T2_Demonstrate ability to organize and plan



Balanced body posture consists of aligning the body with physiological, biomechanical efficiency, which reduces the stress and overloads exerted on the lifting system, by the effects of gravity. The integrity of this body alignment plays a relevant role in the physical and emotional well-being of people. A significant mismatch in posture is considered a risk factor in musculoskeletal dysfunctions.

As outlined in the guidelines set by the American Medical Association, postural assessment should be part of the usual procedure in the analysis of our patients. It is common in the clinical setting to perform visual assessments of posture (visual inspection) knowing that both intra- and inter-observer reliability is usually low. Thanks to the development of new technologies in the field of health, physical activity and sport, we have economical and easy-to-apply systems for assessing body position in an objective and reliable way, both in 2D and 3D.

The physiotherapist must have knowledge of assessing posture clinically and also using available technology in order to detect clinically significant imbalances and propose a treatment plan based on clinical reasoning. In this sense, postural reeducation based on the rebalancing of the myofascial and articular chains is indicated by the treatments of the pathologies associated with the postural imbalance, whether of the spine or the limbs.

The main objective of this theoretical and practical subject will be to integrate a systematic assessment of orthostatic posture, both clinical and using 3D technology, which allows to offer a diagnosis based on clinical reasoning. Learn the therapeutic exercises, in the field of a global myofascial physiotherapy, to improve the most common musculoskeletal disorders in the spine.

The subject does not require any prerequisite for passing subjects by the student.

“This subject has methodological and digital resources to make possible its continuity in non-contact mode in the case of being necessary for reasons related to the Covid-19. This will facilitate the achievement of the knowledge and skills specified in this teaching plan. However, in relation to those practical contents of the subject in which the acquisition of procedural and attitudinal skills by students is essential, it can be considered, if the health situation requires it, the partial and temporary suspension of this with the consequent postponement in its continuity until the health situation allows it.

Learning outcomes

LO13. Incorporate new technologies for obtaining records and processing information and images into physiotherapy: formulate projects that integrate the various operations.

LO21. It analyzes the patient's expectations regarding their evolution, demand and needs.

LO22. Establishes the intervention protocol based on the joint negotiation between therapist and patient.

LO23. Perform the physiotherapeutic diagnosis to determine the dysfunctions and disabilities that will require a specific physiotherapy intervention.

LO29. Analyze the effects produced by the interventions. Evaluate benefits and risks and establish an intervention criterion based on the priorities and effects pursued.

LO58. Apply the scientific method to the various fields of physiotherapy: methodological design, records, databases and statistical analysis.

LO59. Understand substantial problems in physiotherapy and propose hypotheses to design the methodological strategy for their scientific demonstration, which would lead to the best resolution of the identified problems.

Working methodology

MD1.Exhibitory method or master class: transmitting knowledge and activating the student's cognitive processes through unidirectional learning
MD2.Case study: acquire learning through the analysis of real or simulated cases
MD3.Resolution of exercises and problems: exercise, rehearse and put into practice the previous knowledge
MD4.Problem-based learning (PBL): developing active knowledge through problem solving
MD5.Project-oriented learning: carrying out a project to solve a problem, applying skills and knowledge acquired
MD6.Cooperative learning: foster active and meaningful knowledge in a cooperative way


  1. Assessment of posture and myofascial chains
    1. The morphostatic posture. Fundamental concepts
    2. Body types. Clinical analysis
    3. Clinical evaluation of joint and myofascial chains
    4. Current technologies related to postural assessment
    5. Body types. Analysis with 2D and 3D technology
    6. Evaluation of joint and muscle chains with 2D and 3D technology
  2. Postural reeducation
    1. Fundamentals of postural reeducation; 2.2. Limits and indications
    2. Most common spinal pathologies in sagittal statics.
    3. Strategies for joint and muscle compensations
    4. Postural reeducation. Basic posture and breathing.
    5. Postural reeducation. Treatment of imbalances in the cephalocervical region: hyperlordosis and cervical rectification
    6. Postural reeducation. Treatment of imbalances in the thoracic region. Hyperkyphosis
    7. Postural reeducation. Treatment of imbalances of the lumbo-pelvic region. Hyperlordosis.
    8. Postural reeducation. Global treatment of sagittal imbalances of the spine
    9. Analysis and treatment of a clinical case
  3. Continuous assessment activities
    1. Clinical analysis of posture
    2. Clinical analysis of myofascial chains
    3. Posture analysis with technology
    4. Analysis of myofascial chains with technology


Learning activities

training activities






AF1. Theoretical classes

8,25 hours

AF2. Seminars / Workshops

3 hours

AF3. Practical classes

26,25 hours

AF6. Study and group work

2 hours

AF7. Study and autonomous, individual work

60,5 hours


100 hours

Evaluation system

Evaluation systems

Evaluation system


SE1. Electronic portfolio


SE2. Oral presentation


SE3. Exam


In this subject the following evaluation process will be followed:

SE1. During the course of the course will be assessed the performance of four individual activities related to the analysis of posture. The weighting of these activities will be 40% on the final grade (see schedule of the subject).

SE2. On the last day of class there will be an individual practical oral presentation. This evaluation will correspond to 30% of the final mark of the subject.

SE3: The theoretical evaluation will also take place on the last day of class of the seminar. This will consist of a written test with 10 test-type questions. This exam will have a weighting of 30%.


To pass the course it is necessary to obtain a grade of 5/10 in the final average of the assessment.

It will be considered that the total or partial copy in any of the learning activities will mean a "Not Presented" in the subject, without option to present in the proof of recovery and without prejudice of the opening of a record for this reason.

According to current regulations, only those students who have obtained a failing grade during the assessment of the regular period may take the resit exam.


The evaluation of recovery, will consist of a final written test on conceptual aspects of theory and practice developed in class.

In accordance with current regulations, you can only opt for recovery, if the subject has been suspended. If the grade is Not Presented, you will not be eligible for recovery.



Attendance Considering the current health situation, attendance at the theoretical-practical classes will be highly recommended and absenteeism for health reasons will not prevent the possibility of passing the subject.

Rules of conduct

Class attendance without respecting the basic rules of hygiene and uniformity in dress may be sanctioned. Given the situation caused by the pandemic, the indications related to security and protection in the practical spaces, included in a document of the School and which will be available to students in the virtual classroom, must be considered and respected. All teachers will be aware of this information and will ensure compliance.

During the class practices and especially during the assessment tests, students will not be able to wear objects that may interfere with the execution of the techniques, such as rings, watches, bracelets, long earrings, etc. Also, hand hygiene will be paramount, with short, clean, unpainted cut nails. Given the practical nature of the classes and to facilitate and perform in a correct way the practical procedures and postural observation, it will be necessary to wear appropriate clothing such as shorts and top, as well as a towel.

Specific criteria of the grade Not Presented

This situation will be considered when the student has not taken the theoretical test and / or the practical oral presentation.

The total or partial copy in any of the learning activities will mean a "Not Presented" in the subject, without option to present in the proof of recovery and without prejudice of the opening of a file for this reason




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ADIBAS software

Mézières AMIK Method (International Physiotherapy Association)

IFGM (Mézières Global Physiotherapy Institute)  et

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