General information

Subject type: Mandatory

Coordinator: Ana Beatriz Pérez Zapata

Trimester: First term

Credits: 6

Teaching staff: 

Javier Caimel Moreno

Teaching languages

  • Catalan
  • Spanish

The materials can be provided in both Catalan and Spanish.


Specific skills
  • V11. Design and develop 3D animation applying the techniques and processes that lead to the production of linear animation video games and short films.


The subject of 3D animation focuses entirely on the production of design and creation of games, the goal is to achieve the knowledge to develop all kinds of 3d animation that a game may need, so we will work on different types of animation, from animating rigid objects, to animation with good or morpher targets. The classes consist of theoretical sessions with examples that the student will work on the act, followed by practices, among which the student will animate from a rigid object such as a spaceship to a complete character, which the student will present as deliveries. These deliveries will be averaged with a final exam which will consist of a practical exam in class.



Topic 1. Introduction to 3D animation

1.1. What is animation
1.2. History of animation
1.3. Animation in the media
1.4. Animation in video games
1.5. Technical description of the animation
1.6. Technical description of the 3D animation
1.7. Principles of animation
1.8. Keyframes, interspersed and curved
1.9. Animation of rigid objects

Topic 2. Animation with bones: Rig i Skin

2.1. What is the rigging
2.2. What is theskinning
2.3. Different types of controllers and systems to animate bones, relatives, IK, constraints, look at ...
2.4. Relationship between model and skeleton. (Rigging must respond to the needs of the model and its role in the game.)

Topic 3. Animating a rig.

3.1.Animating an idle, creating loops, editing curves
3.2.Animating a walk
3.3.Animating a run

Subject 4. Objectives of the animation

4.1.Animation styles
4.2.Analyze and create animations according to the demand of the game. (streetfighter, starcraft, tombraider, Supermario)
4.3.Animation as a key element to give personality to the characters. (acting, weight, speed)
4.4.Animation as a visual response to player commands (command response timings, feedback, simulation vs arcade)
4.5. Animation as a reward or motivating impulse. (analysis of the use of animations such as wow effect, reward, etc .. Candycrush vs god of war)

Topic 5. Motion capture

5.1.Introduction to the concept of motion capture
5.2.Tooling tools
5.3.Cleaning of the animation and implementation to the characters

Item 6. Motor implementation.

6.1.Mechanism of unity
6.2.Creation of animation tree
6.3.Blending of animations
6.4.Testing animations

Evaluation system

The grade of each student will be calculated according to the following percentages:

A1. Exercises in class: 15%

A2. Laboratory practices - Individual: Animating an object with good: 20%

A3. Laboratory practice - Individual: Full character animation: 30%

A4. Final exam: 35%

Final grade = A1 0,15 + A2 0,2 + A3 0,3 + A4 0,35


  • The final exam will be held at the final exam schedule set by the head of studies within the exam weeks.
  • Internships and exercises must be submitted by the deadlines set for each activity. An activity delivered out of time and without justification (court summons or medical matter) will not be accepted by the teacher and will be listed as a 0 in order to calculate the average final grade.
  • The notes of these practices will not be able to recover.
  • If, at the end of the course, a student does not have a final grade equal to or higher than five, he / she will be able to retake the subject either with the presentation or of an additional work or with a final exam on the dates determined by the head of studies. it will be either online or in person.
  • It is the student's responsibility to avoid plagiarism in all its forms. In the case of detecting plagiarism, regardless of its scope, in some activity it will correspond to having a grade of 0. In addition, the professor will communicate the situation to the Department Management so that applicable measures can be taken in terms of disciplinary regime.
  • Students must bring laptop to both lab classes and theory classes. Students must have the 2019 version of 3DStudio Max Edition installed that can be downloaded from
  • Throughout the course they will be indicated more programs that will have to be installed.


  • The recovery will be of the whole subject.
  • It is necessary to obtain a mark higher than 5 in the final exam / equivalent test of recovery to pass the subject.
  • The maximum grade that can be obtained in recovery is 5,5 out of 10.



Raju, Purushothaman. Character Rigging and Advanced Animation. Bangalore, Karnataka, India. ISBN 978-1484250372.

Blair, Preston. Cartoon animation. ISBN. 978-1560100843

Gilland, Joseph. Elemental Magic I. CRC Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0240811635

Parry, Kevin (2017). 100 ways to walk. Retrieved from

Halas, John; Whitaker, Harold; site, tom Timing for animation. Focal Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0240521602


Johnston, O .; Thomas, F. Disney Animation: The Illusion of Life. New York: Abbeville Pr, 1984. ISBN 978-0896594982


Williams, Richard. The Animator's Survival Kit: a manual of methods, principles and formulas for classical, computer, games, stop motion and internet animators. 2nd ed. London: Faber and Faber, 2012. ISBN 978-0865478978.

Jones, Stewart. Digital Creature Rigging. New York: Focal Press, 2013. ISBN 978-0-240-82379-9 (pbk).


AlanBeckerTutorials (2017). 12 Principles of Animation. Retrieved from

Floyd, Daniel. (2018). New Frame Plus. Retrieved from