General information

Subject type: Mandatory

Coordinator: Rafael Suarez Gómez

Trimester: Second term

Credits: 4

Teaching staff: 

Cristófol Casanovas Casanovas
Lluís De Sola Llovet 

Teaching languages

Teacher: Cristòfol Casanovas (theory and practice), Lluis de Solà (practice)


Specific skills
  • E5_Design and make an audiovisual product (consisting of still or moving images), taking into account both its technical and artistic aspects, in all its components

  • E8_Design the lighting needs of a space according to its characteristics and the final purpose of the product to be recorded, photography or video

  • E10_Apply processes, methods and techniques to develop creativity and innovation in audiovisual production, multimedia development and video game programming

Transversal competences
  • T2_That students have the ability to work as members of an interdisciplinary team either as one more member, or performing management tasks in order to contribute to developing projects with pragmatism and a sense of responsibility, making commitments taking into account the available resources


The subject is aimed at raising awareness in lighting, in the use of light in order to make more elaborate or constructed images. 

It is carried out during the first year of the Degree in Audiovisual Media so that, later, the student has a previous training that allows him to use the photographic and filmic tools with more knowledge, with the basic resource of the light and the light. lighting as a structuring element. 

It has theoretical and practical content, with history and analysis being the transversal tools used during the teaching of this subject. 



Learning outcomes

At the end of the course the student must be able to:

LO1-Know the properties of light in a practical way. Know how the eye works (Competences G1, G3, E5, E8)

LO2- Analyze the illumination of any image. Be aware of the lighting of any image medium, from painting, photography and moving images (Competences G1, E10, E8)

LO3 - Use correctly the basic principles of lighting and the basic lighting scheme. (Competence E5, E8, E10)

LO4- Be able to illuminate and create environments with a reduced set of three spotlights, and on the University's plateau. (Competences E5, E8, E10)

LO5- Understand the different illuminants on the market and the manuals used by illuminant manufacturers. (Competence E5, E8, G3) 

LO6- Know how to use filters well. (Competences E5, E8, E10)

LO7- To know in a basic way the historical evolution of the use of artificial lighting in cinema. (Competences G1, E8, CT2)

LO8- Get to know different cinematic lighting styles. (Competences G1, E8, CT2)

LO9- Know the possibilities of spectacular and scenic lighting. Artistic uses of light. (Competences G1, E8, CT2)

LO10- Use indoor and outdoor lighting techniques to determine and control expressive, formal and technical quality. (Competences G3, E5, E8, CT2)

Complementary learning outcomes:

RAC1- To contribute, through the lighting, an important added value to the images that it realizes. (Competences CT2, E5)

Working methodology

The training is structured in different contents: theoretical, technical, historical and analytical.

The sessions of the subject are divided into theoretical sessions (2 hours per week) and laboratory practices (2 hours per week).

In addition, the subject provides for the completion of exercises in the time allocated to autonomous learning by students.

Methodologies in the theoretical classes:

  • Expository class sessions based on the teacher's explanation.
  • Video capsules.
  • Analysis of images and fragments of classic and modern films.


Methodologies in the practical classes :

  • Expository sessions where the teacher explains the operation of the different lighting materials that the student can have.
  • Classes where students take pictures (photography or video) according to statements related to the theoretical level taught. The student applies the concepts explained in class, as well as their analytical ability.
  • In some practices students present an individual or group work on the content taught. Scoreable. 
  • Carrying out individual and group work (during autonomous learning).
  • However, depending on the needs of the session, some methodologies may be combined.



Cross-curricular teaching according to the following different topics: 


Physiology of the eye and physics of light.

Principles of lighting: Controllable properties: Quality, quantity, direction, color temperature.

Basic lighting scheme.

Light filtering. Color: primary and secondary.

Introduction to the psychology of color.

Light units of measurement. Candles and luxury. Conversions


Types of illuminants. Fresnels. HMI. Arcs. Cold light screens.

Lighting on set. Set material.

The figure of the director of photography. Historical evolution.


History of lighting in cinema. Home.

Relevant films in the evolution of lighting in cinema.

Introduction to the figure of the director of photography. Historical evolution.


Awareness of representations in images: The portrait in painting.

Analysis of reports and documentaries.

Analysis of music videos.



Learning activities

They are divided into:

1 Continuous evaluation (60%)

2 Exam (40%)

1   Continued avaluation

1.1 Laboratory practices (20%): 

In the 9 practice sessions are programmed different activities aimed at the knowledge and use of the different lighting material of Tecnocampus as well as the analysis, research and reflection by the students from the contents taught in the theory sessions. , also facilitating their training for the performance of work and subsequent exercises.

The internships are compulsory and involve deliveries of synthesis and related research on the knowledge acquired in the different sessions.

The score of this section is 2 points, 20% of the mark, distributed in different works, the statement of which will be provided during the course.    A minimum attendance of 80% of the time is required to qualify for a score in the continuous assessment.


Support Material:

- Plato.

- Cameras.

- Continuous light equipment 

Specific objectives:

- Consolidate knowledge in lighting.

- Build environments using lighting. 

Related to learning outcomes: RA5, RA6, RA 7/8, RA 9/10, RA11, RAC1

1.2 Self-employment (40%):

1.2.1.Carrying out work on photographic support based on statements made by the teacher. (20%). Application of the knowledge taught in class. Carried out in the students' autonomous learning time.

Support Material:

- Statement of the activity.

- Lighting cases.

- Plato

- Cameras

Specific objectives:

- Consolidate knowledge in lighting, autonomously.

- Know how to analyze pre-existing images and redo them using lighting, autonomously.

Related to learning outcomes: RA1, RA3, RA 4, RA6, RAC1

1.2.2 Final Video (20%):

Work in group. Carried out in the students' autonomous learning time. With presentation in class time.


The students make, in small groups, a video, where they use artificial lighting and their knowledge acquired in the subject.

Support Material:

- Statement of the activity.

- Lighting cases.

- Plato

Specific objectives:

- Recognize and apply content taught in class.

- Apply their technical knowledge and creative ability at work.

Related to learning outcomes: RA1, RA 2, RA3, RA 4, RA5, RAC1


2 Exam (40%):

Individual work. Made in class according to calendar.

Exercise that may contain methodologically different tests (technical test, development of topics related to the subject and image analysis). Evaluates the assimilation of the contents taught and exercised in the subject, both in theory classes and in practices.

Support Material:

-state of the activity

Specific objectives:

-show the degree of acquisition of the contents taught in the subject

Related to learning outcomes RA1, RA5, RA6, RA7, RA 8, RA 9, RA10


Evaluation system


- Continuous evaluation (60%), distributed as follows:

  • Laboratory practices (compulsory) and associated work: 20%
  • Self-employment (20%)
  • Final Video (20%)

- Final exam (40%):

Exam, 4 points on the final grade.

To access this weighting it is essential to have achieved an average of 5 in both the continuous assessment and the final exam. Yes, the student has

a lower average, in one of the parts, does not accede to this weighting and suspends with the note of the suspended part.

The part of continuous assessment is not recoverable.

The exam part is recoverable in the Recovery Exam. To access the weighted calculation of the grade it is necessary to get a grade of 5 in the


The statements of the different exercises will be provided throughout the course.

The detection of plagiarism in any of the exercises involves an automatic rating of zero, regardless of other processes or actions that may be

to undertake.
The exam part is recoverable in the Recovery Exam. To access the weighted calculation of the grade it is necessary to get a grade of 5 in the recovery.

The statements of the different exercises will be provided throughout the course. 
The detection of plagiarism in any of the exercises involves an automatic rating of zero, regardless of other processes or actions that may be undertaken.



Revault D'Allonnes, Fabrice. 2008. ” The light in the cinema. ”Chair.

Moreno, J Carlos / Linares, Cesar. Lighting (Stage lighting notebooks). 6.Ed Ñaque, ISBN ISBN 84-89987-07-


               Millerson, Gerald. 1994 "Lighting for video and film." IORTV.

 Dennis Shaeffer / Larry Salvato. 1992. "Masters of Light. Conversations with Directors of Photography." PLOT.


Casanovas, Cristòfol. 2016. “Teacher's Notes”. They will be delivered as the agenda progresses. Mataró.

Brown, Blain 1998. ” Lighting for film and television. Author-Editor.


Almonds, Nestor. 1983 "Days of a Camera". Seix Barral.

Carlos F. Heredero. 1994. “The language of light. Interviews with Spanish film directors ”Alcalá de Henares University.

 Tanizaki, Junichiro.2011 “Praise of the Shadow”. Siruela.

Loiseleux, Jacques. 2005. “La luz en el cine” .Paidós.