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E5_Design and make an audiovisual product (consisting of still or moving images), taking into account both its technical and artistic aspects, in all its components
E7_Postproduce video using the basic tools of audiovisual editing programs (titling, color and exposure retouching, speeds, masks ...) and how to insert them into the editing process by adding digital effects
E8_Design the lighting needs of a space according to its characteristics and the final purpose of the product to be recorded, photography or video
E10_Apply processes, methods and techniques to develop creativity and innovation in audiovisual production, multimedia development and video game programming
E14_Acquire knowledge of the history, aesthetics, evolution and dynamics of cinema, television, radio, press, Internet and video games, how to recognize aesthetics through viewing and analysis
E15_Size and manage human, technical and economic resources necessary for the development of an audiovisual or multimedia project optimizing time, costs and quality
T2_That students have the ability to work as members of an interdisciplinary team either as one more member, or performing management tasks in order to contribute to developing projects with pragmatism and a sense of responsibility, making commitments taking into account the available resources
Photography and Digital Cinematography is a subject dedicated to introducing the fundamental concepts in relation to this key aspect of the cinematographic and audiovisual universe, deepening knowledge about lighting and camera, as well as assessing the technical and aesthetic aspects of any audiovisual work.
This subject is related to the contents of the degree related to the videographic and cinematographic image.
At the end of the course students must be able to:
LO1: Work as a team and autonomously in the development of an audiovisual product, assuming the roles within the group.
LO2: Understand the technical and aesthetic elements needed to achieve the proposed emotional impact.
LO3: Stimulate and discover their abilities to relate to the professional world.
LO4: Consolidate knowledge about audiovisual narrative and the language of fiction.
LO5: Communicate personal ideas, points of view and opinions about a given topic.
LO6: Understand the role of the art director.
LO7: Develop the student's creativity.
Complementary learning outcomes are:
RAC1: Get to know different authors, movements and key works in the direction of photography and digital cinematography.
RAC2: Understand the different narrative elements of film photography.
RAC3: Have the ability to evaluate technical and creative resources when dealing with different types of work related to the use of light and digital capture in the audiovisual.
RAC4: Encourage the study and analysis of the audiovisual as a narrative language with the intention that the student develops his critical and stylistic capacity when developing a project or evaluating others.
RAC5: Be able to work professionally when planning an audiovisual product as a cinematographer.
The theoretical concepts will be presented in class by the teacher, where practical exercises will also be solved and audiovisual examples will be seen that illustrate the theory in order to generate a debate in class with the participation of students.
The practices are a fundamental part of the classes, as they serve to work on the theoretical concepts taught in class on cinematographic lighting and the use of digital cinematography cameras in order to be able to carry out the work that will be requested during the course. The internships will increase with increasing level of complexity and consequently the requirement in their quality and delivery time will be affected. Therefore, the commitment on the part of the students when delivering the audiovisual materials on time is basic.
The theoretical sessions are divided into three sessions of two hours each.
The practical sessions are 4 hours each week and will consist of a lighting and camera exercise with a specific goal and parameters.
The front door will close ten minutes after the start of class and will not be accessible until after the break. The front door will close ten minutes after the end of the break. The practical classes are compulsory and it is necessary to attend a minimum of 80% to be able to be evaluated in the works of the practical part.
Notes are not uploaded to the virtual campus. Links will be posted in relation to the required readings and viewings, as well as resources for further information.
No activity or delivery will be evaluated if it is not delivered within the established dates.
T1. Cinematographic photography direction
This content works on the position of the director of photography within the audiovisual industry, the light sources that can be used, as well as camera accessories.
1.1. Components of the department
1.2. Lighting sources
1.3. Camera: accessories, mounts and filters
T2. Work the light
This content works on the fundamental concepts for working with light in an audiovisual production.
2.1. Direction, Contrast, Texture, Color, Continuity.
T3. Image formation and control
This content works on the fundamental concepts in the technical field to control the correct capture of an audiovisual image.
3.1. Basic recording parameters
3.2. Optics: optical concepts and typology. Technical and aesthetic tests
3.3. Image exposure
T4. Photochemical and Digital
This content works on the most outstanding features of the two main formats for capturing a cinematic image.
4.1. The photochemical image
4.2. The digital image
T5. Pre-production of the director of photography
This content works on the basic elements for pre-production within an audiovisual product as a cinematographer.
5.1. Pre-production agenda
5.3. Camera tests
5.4. Lighting schemes
T6. Cinematographic lighting styles
This content works on and analyzes cinematographic lighting in different periods from students' oral presentations.
6.1. Primitive lighting: from natural light to theatrical light
6.2. Expressionist enlightenment and its influence
6.3. Classic or rule lighting
6.4. Modern European lighting and its influence
6.5. Current lighting
6.6. Directors of photography
The learning activities are separated into groups:
Readings and viewings
Technical articles dedicated to the study of photography direction will be provided in specific films that will be used for viewing.
These activities are related to competences E14, G3, G4 and G5 and learning outcomes RA2, RA4, RA5, RA6, RAC1, RAC2, RAC3 and RAC4.
Photography direction practices
The practices dedicated to the direction of photography will be aimed at making use of all the components that are part of this task, with special emphasis on lighting. The practices dedicated to the digital cinematography part will be aimed at making use of all the components that are part of this task, with special emphasis on camera tests and their correct use in terms of digital parameters depending on the objective of the product.
1. Basic elements: lighting material
2. Camera tests
3. Exterior Day
4. Photography and painting
6. Continuity in interiors
8. Night outside
9. Practical exam: Cinematographic lighting styles
The practical exam consists of the shooting of a sequence by the class groups where the group and individual skills of each of the participants will be assessed based on their position in the camera and electrical equipment. The result of the same must be related to one of the readings carried out throughout the course or to the work on cinematographic lighting styles.
These activities are related to competences E10, E15, E5, E7, E8, G2, G4, G5 and T2 and learning outcomes RA1, RA2, RA3, RA4, RA6, RA7, RAC3 and RAC5.
Guided activities and workshops
Activities will be carried out in relation to aspects of the theoretical syllabus: working on the light and pre-production of the cinematographer. Some of these sessions can be performed on set or outdoors. It will be duly informed throughout the course.
These activities are related to competencies E10, E15, E5, E7, E8, G2, G5, and T2 and learning outcomes RA1, RA2, RA3, RA5, RA7, RAC2, RAC3, RAC4, and RAC5.
Students will carry out analysis work that must end with the oral presentation of specific aspects of photography in cinematographic genres, in specific authors and in specific films.
These activities are related to competences E14, G3, G4 and G5 and learning outcomes RA3, RA4, RA5, RA7, RAC1, RAC2, RAC3 and RAC4.
Practical work carried out by students in groups as work of the subject and carried out outside school hours.
These activities are related to competences E10, E15, E5, E7, G2 and G5 and learning outcomes RA1, RA2, RA3, RA5, RA7, RAC2, RAC3, RAC4 and RAC5.
The evaluation of the subject is continuous and is based on practical and theoretical work:
- Theoretical works (Guided activities, oral presentations, readings and viewings): 25%
- Practical work (Practices of direction of photography and digital cinematography): 50%
- Final exam: 25%
Rules for evaluation
The subject evaluates the theoretical and practical knowledge with an equal percentage due to the character of the subject. In this sense, to make an average, both the named and the theoretical part (Theoretical works and Final Practical report) and the practical part (Practical works and result of Final Practice) will be taken into account. In this sense, it is necessary to have a 4 in each part to be able to have a final average.
Beyond these two major blocks, the following should be considered:
- No grade below 4 will average. In the case of the final exam, it is necessary to get a minimum grade of 5 for it to average.
- It is necessary to attend 80% of practical sessions so that the deliveries related to the practical part of the subject do average.
- No work submitted after the deadline is accepted.
- Missing spelling, grammar and layout will be noted, and may lead to the suspension of a work. More than 15 misspellings involve suspense.
- Plagiarism involves suspending any work with a 0. A second plagiarism by the same student involves the suspension of the subject without the right to recovery.
- There is no recovery for the internship part of the subject. If the average is less than 4, this means the suspension of the subject.
- The recovery of the theory part will consist of an exam. Only marks of 5 or higher will allow this part to average with the mark obtained in the practices (as long as the mark of the practices is equal or superior to 4).
- Active participation in class is considered absolutely necessary and will be taken into account for the final grade of the course.
Brown, Blaine. Cinematography: theory and practice. Oxford: Focal Press, 2016 (3rd Ed.).
Stump, David. Digital Cinematography. London: Focal Press, 2014.
Schaefer, Dennis. Masters of light. Madrid: Plot, 2005.
Almonds, Nestor. Days of a camera. Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1993.
Roselló, Emilio and Cortés-Selva, Laura. (Coordinators). Cromo filia: History(s) of color in cinema. Madrid: McGraw Hill, 2021.
AAVV. American Cinematographer Manual. Hollywood, CA (USA): The ASC Press, 2004.
Alekan, Henry. From lights and shadows. Paris: La Cinematheque Française, 1980.
Samuelson, David. The technical manual of cinema. Andoain: School of Cinema and Video, 1998.
Carrasco, Jorge Cinema and digital television: technical manual. Barcelona: Publications of the University of Barcelona, 2010.
Landau, David. Lighting for cinematography. Oxford: Bloomsbury Academic, 2014.
Ettedgui, Peter. Directors of photography. Barcelona: Océano, 1999.
Ballinger, Alex. New directors of photography. Madrid: Ocho y Medio, 2004.
Alton, John. Painting with light. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2013.