General information

Subject type: Mandatory

Coordinator: Adso Fernández Baena

Trimester: First term

Credits: 4

Teaching staff: 

Antonio José Planells De La Maza

Teaching languages

The materials can be provided in Catalan as well as in Spanish or English.


Specific skills
  • E1. Demonstrate knowledge of the history of video games and analyze the reference video games with arguments based on evaluation criteria contextualized in the historical and cultural framework.

  • E2. Design the mechanics, rules, structure and narrative of video games following the criteria of gameplay and balance to provide the best possible gaming experience.

General competencies
  • G1. Demonstrate having and understanding advanced knowledge of their area of ​​study that includes the theoretical, practical and methodological aspects, with a level of depth that reaches the forefront of knowledge.

  • G2. Solve complex problems in their field of work, by applying their knowledge, developing arguments and procedures, and using creative and innovative ideas.

  • G3. Gather and interpret relevant data (usually within their area of ​​study) to make judgments that include reflection on relevant social, scientific, or ethical issues.

  • G4. Communicate information, ideas, problems and solutions to a specialized and non-specialized audience.

Transversal competences
  • T1. Communicate in a third language, preferably English, with an appropriate level of oral and written communication and in accordance with the needs of graduates.

  • T2. Work as a member of an interdisciplinary team either as an additional member or performing management tasks in order to contribute to developing projects with pragmatism and a sense of responsibility, making commitments and taking into account available resources.


The subject of Narrative takes a holistic approach (literature, cinema and games) to the phenomenon of telling, living and playing stories in the framework of the subject of Game Design and Creation. In this way, it is key to understand not only the formal elements of the narratological tradition (characters, plots, temporality and space) but also the contemporary debates that arise from the current playful positions. In addition, the subject has a strong link with the cultural and social framework of the video game, thus generating a text / context reading that takes into account both the cultural function of the medium and its ability to present new imaginaries. This theoretical approach is complemented by the realization of different practices, all of them oriented to the conceptual creation of a small game of marked narrative character.

Learning outcomes

At the end of the course students must be able to:

E2.1. Design mechanics and rules of the game that as a whole is called gameplay

E2.2. Design levels including strategies, definition of the puzzle or the mission to complete, so that the objectives set by the script are achieved.

E2.3. Design the narrative of a video game and specify the interactive script.

E5.1. Write and maintain the set of documents that are collectively known as the "Game Design Document" (GDD)

Working methodology

The subject uses the following work methodologies: 

Collaborative Learning, Master Class, Video Capsules, Presentations.



1. Is there a narrative in video games? 

1.1. Clarifying terms: Narrative, Narrative, Fiction, Experience and play

1.2. Ludofiction and ludonarrative

2. Gaming fiction in the framework of digital leisure

2.1. Narrative structures and game models

2.1.1 Action as a narrative engine

2.1.2 Plots, conflict and objectives

2.1.3 The relationship of plots to rules

2.1.4 Narrative structures: from classic models to storylets

2.1.5 Game rhythm and narrative rhythm

2.1.6 Climax, resolution and quantitative balance of the game

2.2. The character

2.2.1 Concept of interactive character

2.2.2 Identification and control of the user

2.2.3 Configuration and transformation arc

2.2.4 Emotional, psychological characterization and actions

2.3. Knowledge and action 

2.3.1. The narrator in video games: degrees of existence and typology

2.3.2. Who does the narrator follow? Focus and targeting

2.3.3. Breaking the rules: metalepsis

2.4. Spatio-temporal articulation

2.4.1. The space 

2.4.2. The narrative temporality in the video game

3. Narration and game creation: the Narrative Designer

3.1 Narrative Designer and related figures: screenwriter, dialogue writer, writer and game designer.

3.2 Types of texts and the notion of world design

3.3. The dialogues and the staging

3.4. The design of missions or quests and the design of narrative puzzles

4. The video game as a cultural heir: archetypes and universal arguments

4.1. The immortal seeds in the video game

4.2. The great hegemonic arguments

4.3. The big pending arguments

Learning activities

In order to gather evidence of the achievement of the expected learning outcomes, the following will be performed evaluative activities (Related to all common competencies):

A1. Creation of an audiovisual script and a short film (Evidence of learning outcomes E5.1)

The students have to make an audiovisual script and then make a short film.

A2. Design and implementation of a graphic adventure  (Evidence of learning outcomes E2.1, E2.2, E2.3, E5.1)

The students will have to design a graphic adventure. It will be necessary to do all the narrative documentation to, subsequently, make a short implementation (a prototype) in a specific engine.

A3. Final exam (Evidence of learning outcomes E2.1, E2.2)

Theoretical-practical exam where all the contents of the subject are collected.

General criteria of the activities:

  • The teacher will present a statement for each activity and the evaluation and / or rubric criteria.
  • The teacher will inform of the dates and format of the delivery of the activity.

Evaluation system

The grade of each student will be calculated following the following percentages:

A1. Laboratory practice: Creation of an audiovisual script and a short film  30%

A2. Laboratory practice: Design and implementation of a graphic adventure 40%

A3. Final exam 30%

Final grade = A1 0,3 + A2 0,4 + A3 0,3 


  • It is necessary to obtain a mark higher than 5 in the final exam to pass the subject.
  • Each misspelling or writing error will be penalized with 0,10 points, up to a maximum of 4 points, in all activities and exams (ordinary and make-up)
  • An activity not delivered or delivered late and without justification (court summons or medical matter) counts as a 0.
  • It is the student's responsibility to avoid plagiarism in all its forms. In the case of detecting plagiarism, regardless of its extent, in some activity it will correspond to having a grade of 0. In addition, the teacher will communicate the situation to the Management so that applicable measures can be taken in terms of disciplinary regime.


  • The recovery will be done with a recovery exam that will have the same format and contents as the exam of activity 3.
  • It is necessary to obtain a mark superior to 5 in the final exam of recovery to pass the asignatura.
  • The grade of the make-up exam will be applied only to the grade of activity 3. Therefore, the weighting of the rest of the activities will be taken into account to obtain the final grade of the make-up.
  • The delivery of the rest of the activities will not be admitted to be re-evaluated in the framework of the recovery.
  • In case of passing the recovery, the maximum final mark that can be obtained in the total of the subject is 8.



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